How Safe is Mozambique?
Is Mozambique Safe? Does the fighting between the government and Renamo affect tourists?
Risk Level: Very Low
The new peace accord signed in September 2014 held firm for twelve months but recent events means you should keep up to date with events in Mozambique. Even at the height of the conflict in 2013 and 2014 now foreign tourists were hurt, or indeed targetted.
See "Calendar of Events" on this page for updates --->
Does the recent upsurge in kidnappings affect tourists?
Risk Level: Very Low
Over the last three years the number of kidnappings in Maputo has grown rapidly, there has also been a few cases in Beira. These kidnappings are targeting the most wealthy families in Mozambique. At present there is extremely low chance that a tourist would be targeted. Usually the kidnappers have considerable information about their victims including even the amount of money in their private bank accounts.
What are the most common dangers in Mozambique?
Risk Level: Medium
Compared with many other African countries petty crime in Mozambique is relatively low. Usually if you take simple precautions you won't have a problem. Most petty theft occurs from travellers' rooms. Make sure you look up small valuables:
Risk Level: High
This is probably the most common complaint from travellers to Mozambique. Whether it is Public Police asking for your passport, or Traffic Police giving the once over on your car, it is unlikely you will have a Mozambique experience without at least once having an interaction with Mozambique's finest:
And remember, every time you pay a bribe you are becoming part of the problem, giving more incentive for Police to harass more people in the future.
In summary, Mozambique is a very safe country to visit, this despite moderate political instability. Take the correct precautions and you will enjoy this wonderful country just as hundreds of thousands of travellers do every year.
Click here for Vaccination & Health Advice
A Calendar of Events 2013 - 2015
Map from @Verdade Newspaper
Fire indicates confrontation points
20/11/15 - President Nyusi calls for the end of the forceful desarmament of Renamo
15/11/15 - Unclear reports of numers of fatalities and injured as the government continues their policy to disarm Renamo by force
10/11/15 - Unsettling images show members of Renamo being maltreated by Police and "disarmed" when no arms where found in their ransacked houses.
30/10/15 - Reported clashes close to Morrumbala, Zambézia Province, started out as rumours two days ago but evidence has now emerged of substantial fighting having taken place. Government admits confrontations took place but has yet to report numbers of fatalities or injuries
18/10/15 - Renamo and the Governmnent claim the each other is lying regarding the actual location of Dhlakama. Government claim he is still in his house in Beira, whilst Renamo claim he has gone to an undisclosed location
09/10/15 - Only one day out of hiding and Dhlakama's house is raided and his guard disarmed in Beira
06/10/15 - Dhlakama remaims in hiding after these two assassination attempts but promises not to retaliate
02/10/15 - Confirmation of battles in the Gondola region of Manica Province. CanalMoz reports government forces attacking this area with both the Provincial Police Commander, and Renamo confirming the attacks. There are reports of the population fleeing as their huts are burned.
26/09/15 - For the second time in two weeks Renamo Leader Dhlakama's convoy was attacked, this time resulting in between 10-30 deaths depending upon who reported the incident. Included in the deaths was a civilian who was driving a minibus full of passengers
20/09/15 - Government claims that attack on Dhalkama's convoy was staged despite independant news sources, including a Portuguese reporter, confirming the ambush.
13/09/15 - Tensions continue to grow as reports from Tete of Renamo President, Afonso Dhlakama's convoy coming under attack from government forces
23/08/15 - Police claim they are attacked by Renamo fighters in Tete on a remote stretch of road where up to 12 road blocks had been set up to impede their travel. No casualties were reported
15/06/15 - After almost a year of peace reports have fighting have been confirmed in Tete Province
12/05/15 - Dhlakama once again made a veiled threat saying that he will govern within two months at a rally in Nacala. "If Frelimo want to play around we will rule by force"
30/04/15 - Parliament on 30 April rejected Renamo's proposal to create "autonomous provinces" (autarquias provinciais) similar to the elected municipalities. The vote was 138 to 98, with Frelimo voting against and Renamo and MDM voting for.
04/04/15 - Reports of attacks between Renamo men and the government in Guijá district in Gaza, a very southern point for Renamo and a historically a stronghold of Frelimo
29/03/15 - Guebuza stands down as Frelimo President leaving hope that a real peaceful way forward can be found between Renamo's leader, and new President, Nyussi
22/02/15 - Debate still rages about planned autonomous zones. Frelimo powerplayers insisting it will never happen despite Nyussi's promise to Dhlakama
12/02/15 - Renamo's members of parliament are finally sworn in ending the stand-off. The concession seeming to be autonomous regions somewhere in Mozambique
07/02/15 - President Nyussi meets with Dhlakama in an important step to securing peace
15/01/15 - Nyussi is sworn in as Mozambique's new President
19/12/14 - Less confusion about the municipal bielection in Cuamba. Only 25% of voters bothered voting
15/12/14 - Continuing uncertainty as further concerns about the election's validity continue. Constitutional Council demands the election summaries that both CNE and STAE blame each other for having misplaced
27/11/14 - The opposition leader announced that he would govern the country next year hinting that the country could fall back into violence if no agreement is met. Dhlakama believes the elections were fraudulent and that Frelimo and Renamo should rule together for the next five years
20/11/14 - There is really no question about safety in travelling in Mozambique as events from last year seem a lifetime away
07/11/14 - Election result is still being questioned on many fronts but importantly peace and stability is no longer questioned
28/10/14 - Almost two weeks have passed since election day and the high number of cases of confirmed fraud are compounded by the long illegal delay of results
20/10/14 - Renamo leader believes mediation is required due to the high number of cases of fraud discovered during election day. There is an undertone of a threat of returning to hostilities
15/10/14 - Elections were held countrywide with few incidents but a worrying number of cases of fraud, and violence by police
06/10/14 - Less than two weeks to go to nationwide elections and the situation remains relatively calm to previous years
24/09/14 - Despite relatively peaceful campaigning countrywide the Province of Gaza showed that elections can get violent quickly. Attacks were levelled against MDM campaigning in Macia, Chokwe and Xai Xai
22/09/14 - Military convoys on the EN1 are a distant memory as election campaigning continues with a mild increase in violence
15/09/14 - Election campaigning continues calmly. Dhlakama due to begin his campaign tomorrow after his almosttwelve months in hiding
11/09/14 - Now with the new agreement already passed through parliament campaigning for next month's elections has begun
05/09/14 - Dhlakama returning to Maputo for an almost pop-star welcome the scene is now set for the photograph session with both leaders affirming the peace process is now complete
02/09/14 - Mozambique enjoys the freedom of no more convoys on the EN1 as Dhlakama is due to arrive in Maputo on Thursday
30/08/14 - Three months of peace, and now a peace accord finally signed before the electoral campaign formally begins next week
28/08/14 - After almost 12 months of Mozambique being divided by a problematic military convoy between Rio Save and Muxungue the EN1 finally opens unhindered today. Further proof that Sunday's peace accord will be long lasting
25/08/14 - And finally the peace deal signed! Representantives of Renamo and Frelimo signed the peace deal Sunday evening (24/08/14) after the Renamo leader refused to leave his hiding place until the peace treaty was signed
22/08/14 - Almost two months of peace but the convoy still continues in Muxingue/Rio Save. To break the impasse the government will send a delegation to sign the peace accord with Renamo leader Dhlakama. He has been unwilling to leave his "uncertain location" until his safety is assured
20/08/14 - The continuing peace is offset by continuing debate over the finer points of the Renamo Frelimo agreement
15/08/14 - The country awaits the more ceremonial signing with President Guebuza and Dhlakama but this is being delayed as amnesty passes through the house of parliament. Peace now for 1.5 months.
12/08/14 - Reports indicate that the agreement has been signed, and will be announced and broadcast today in Maputo!
11/08/14 - There is cofirmation that President Guebuza and Renamo leader Dhlakama have spoken and the latter will travel to Maputo shortly to sign the new peace agreement
06/08/14 - All indications that there will be an agreement signed shortly with the government requesting a few days to reflect on the agreement so far reached
03/08/14 - Final details are still being agreed upon but all signs indicate continued peace, now a month with no fighting anywhere in the country
31/07/14 - Hopes of an agreement being signed this week are fading as more details are still be agreed upon. Meanwhile peace continues countrywide
29/07/14 - Major breakthrough announced yesterday with both Renamo and Frelimo announcing that an agreement has essentially been made. This could be formalised as early as Wednesday
27/07/14 - No attacks reported anywhere around the country now for three weeks
21/07/14 - Continuing stability further encouraged by Renamo and Frelimo's announcement on Friday afternoon confirming that good progress has been made after Renamo brought a new strategy to the table
18/07/14 - Over two weeks without any attacks on the military column in the centre of the page providing further hope of sustained peace
17/07/14 - The President's spokesperson guaranteed the Renamo's leader's safety and expressed Frelimo's desire to end the current fighting with dialogue paving the way for Dhlakama to leave his bush hideaway where he has been since his house in Casa Banana was attacked by the military last year
14/07/14 - Despite the continuing unstable political situation there have been no attacks on the military column in 11 days
11/07/14 - Relief as Renamo's leader, Afonso Dhlakama, states that there will not be retaliation after the party's spokesperson was arrested on Monday. He did state that he thought the arrest unconstitutional
09/07/14 - The scandal revolving around the jailing of Renamo spokesperson grows as his lawyer is refused audience with him contravening Mozambique's constitution
08/07/14 - Many Mozambicans wait in anticipation of what will now transpire with the controversial arrest of Renamo's spokesperson yesterday as he left the parliament building
04/07/14 - After a two-week break Renamo and Frelimo are back in talks aimed to end the ongoing hostilities. The rest of the country remains peaceful for travellers but the small length of 100km of the EN1 should be avoided
03/07/14 - Two attacks on the same day on the military column as talks begin again
28/06/14 - Two civilians were reported by Jornal Verdade of having lost their lives today with the worst week of civilian casualities since trouble began a year ago. Fighting also took place today once again in Zambezia Province
27/06/14 - More attacks on the convoy as they keep on coming essentially every day.
26/06/14 - At least two civilians were wounded in the cross fire during today's attacks on the military column
23/06/14 - Another eventful weekend passes on the Muxungue strip as the political stand-off continues but the rest of Mozambique lives undisturbed by the centralised violence. Check Facebook group page for footage of shooting
21/06/14 - Another day and another attack on the column. Reports this morning of an LTM passenger bus being caught up in the crossfire.
19/06/14 - Two more attacks occurred yesterday on the military column but today a rare day with no attacks registered
17/06/14 - Another attack near Muxungue this morning once again on the military convoy and worrying reports of an attack in Zambezia Province near Murothoni. Reports of gunfire near the town of Muxungue reportedly have people fleeing their homes
16/06/14 - At least 5 injured on a passenger bus travelling between Beira and Maputo this morning in the dangerous Rio Save area in one of at least two attacks on the column today. The rest of the country remains peaceful for travellers but this small length of 100km of the EN1 should be avoided
14/06/14 - More attacks on the Muxungue - Rio Save strip as concerns of war spreading increase after yesterday's attacks in Tete
13/06/14 - Armed bandits, believed to be aligned with Renamo, looted and vandalized a weighbidge in Moatize, Tete, leaving one vehicle torched. This is the first instance of confrontations this year far from either Muxungue or Gorongosa
10/06/14 - First attacks on the column since Saturday amid reports of strikes amongst other unrest amongst drivers waiting for the military convoy
08/06/14 - More attacks yesterday (Saturday) on the military convoy with reports of military using civilians as "human shields" as Renamo insist they are only attacking military targets
05/06/14 - Three attacks in three days on the EN1 between Rio Save and Muxungue. Only essential travel between these two points is now advised.
04/06/14 - As Renamo threatens to "divide the country in half" the tense political situation continues. Elections are just four months away
03/06/14 - Two more attacks on the military column between Muxungue and Rio Save this morning with different media sources reporting different numbers of military deaths, and civilians injured.
02/06/14 - Cease fire over. Renamo attacks the Muxungue / Rio Save convoy once again and declares the cease fire they themselves declared a little less than a month ago over after continuing attacks from the government's forces
31/05/14 - Sabre-rattling continues between the government and Renamo whilst peace persists in essentially the whole country other than the volatile Gorongosa area
29/05/14 - Fighting continues around Gorongosa with more deaths reported today and the government insists that the troops in that area are there to "protect" the opposition leader who is still hiding in the bush
24/05/14 - The fighting in Zambezia proved to be a once-off and calm has returned countrywide including assurance of safety on the Rio Save - Muxungue strip
18/05/14 - Clarification is still being sought on the peace process after last week's unexpected fighting in Zambezia
15/05/14 - Fighting took place between Renamo and FDM near Mocuba in Zambezia after the military attacked this Renamo base
12/05/14 - After last weekends attacks peace is for now seemingly restored after voter registration ended last week
09/05/14 - Renamo's leader Dhlakama finally registers to vote meaning that he can run for President in this year's elections
08/05/14 - Renamo announces a cease fire and assures they will no longer attack the column in Muxungue as long as they are not provoked
06/05/14 - Another attack on the Muxungue column today has resulted in numerous military deaths and the suspension of the convoy. A crater was blown in the road before the attack
03/05/14 - After relative peace for over three months Renamo followed through on their promise of more violence attacking the Rio Save / Muxungue column on Mozambique's main highway the EN1 today
02/05/14 - Talks continue between the government and Renamo as peace for civilians and visitors continues
25/04/14 - A military column still runs between Rio Save and Muxungue despite it now three months since the last civilian attack
15/04/14 - Very strong demands by Renamo are complicating talks including one of Renamo's demands being that they choose the head of the military
14/04/14 - For civilians and visitors life has returned to normal however fighting still continues in rural areas around Gorongosa
01/04/14 - Men believed to be linked with Renamo attacked a train carrying coal from Tete to Beira belonging to Mozambican giant Vale
31/03/14 - Reports of up to 30 guerrilla attacks over the weekend remind us that there is some way to go before real peace is attained
30/03/14 - Continuing stability is maintained and continuing talks between Mozambique's main political parties are progressing
26/03/14 - Populations up around Gorongosa are finally returning to their homes after six months of intensive fighting in that area - the first clear sign that the conflict is finally ending
25/03/14 - Today marks two months since any attack on any civil targets or the important Muxungue - Rio Save military column.
24/03/14 - Calm remains for civilians and tourists countrywide despite continuing military fighting up around Gorongosa and Inhaminga
18/03/14 - Renamo spokesperson predicts the cease-fire between Renamo and Frelimo will begin at the start of April
07/03/14 - There have been rumours over the last week of attacks on the Muxungue convoy but not a single media source confirms this
25/02/14 - Today marks one month since the last civilian attack. With now over four weeks since the last attack on the Muxungue / Save River column common sentiment is that the trouble is over for now. The situation will remain delicate politically until the elections in October but the trouble that crippled the tourism industry in late 2014 appears over for now
21/02/14 - Concessions agreed upon during meetings with Renamo and Frelimo were passed by Mozambican Government today
14/02/14 - Yesterday marked a very important day in talks between Frelimo and Renamo being the first with the presence of five national mediators. Mediators were chosen by both parties
12/02/14 - Stability continues over two consecutive long weekends as the bi-election took place in Gurue with MDM winning another bi-election
10/02/14 - Very positive news to come out of government talks today confirm that both parties have come to an agreement upon the composition of the CNE (National Elections Committee), one of Renamo's main sticking points
09/02/14 - Concerning reports that the FADM are still bombing Mount Gorongosa with heavy artillery despite the positive talks that began two weeks ago
31/01/14 - Continuing positive talks between Frelimo and Renamo provide further hope that the conflict can soon be over. The important request by Renamo that the electoral registration (that begin earlier this week) be extended by two weeks was instantly accepted demonstrating that the government is serious about encouraging Renamo to participate in October's Presidential elections.
29/01/14 - In very positive news Frelimo and Renamo have recommenced to talks after two months of stalemate with the important presence of mediators/observers. Also, a Renamo member in Quelimane announced that they would be running in the Presidential elections in October of this year. (Roads that were cut by flood waters are now moving again however very slowly)
25/01/14 - The military column was attacked once more today making a second weekend running of attacks on this column. Complicating travel between the north and south is flood waters that have cut the EN1 at various places between Vilanculos and Inchope
22/01/14 - Increasing reports of Renamo troop buildups around the country, amongst the most concerning near Moatize in Tete
19/01/14 - Another attack on the column this morning and sadly more victims. One a FADM Major.
18/01/14 - The military column between Rio Save and Muxungue was attacked again this morning with two deaths and three wounded
16/01/4 - Sporadic attacks reported, one at a police station in Funhalouro, Inhambane (one Policeman was killed), and another on local shop owners also in Inhambane Province
15/01/14 - After two weeks without an attack the military column between Rio Save and Muxungue was hit today with two victims renowned football players returning from a game. Concerning reports, also, of Renamo build-ups in Niassa, Cabo Delgado, and even Matola in Maputo Province.
13/01/14 - Still no attacks on column since 1st of Jan but fighting has taken place in Homoine district, just outside Inhambane city - the southernmost area of fighting since the war began in October
06/01/14 - No attacks on the column since the first of Jan, but the build-up of Renamo troops near Inhambane city causing a lot of concern, including thousands of families abandoning their homes and fleeing to the city
04/01/14 - Concerning reports of a build up of Renamo soldiers in the district of Homoine (near the city of Inhambane) - the first indication of the war heading further south
01/01/14 - A second morning of attacks on the military column was reported welcoming us into 2014. No casualties were reported
31/12/13 - After weeks of relative calm in the centre of the country the military column was again attacked today. Fighting between government and Renamo troops is still continuing near Gorongosa
17/12/13 - Another attack today on the military column between Rio Save and Muxungue
15/12/13 - More attacks on the military column and more victims. At least one civilian victim this morning along with a number of military deaths.
12/12/13 - More fighting took place around the Muxungue area with more military wounded
11/12/13 - There was more serious fighting around Satunjira with reports that the government was trying to take back the base that Renamo retook earlier this week. Renamo retaking this area is a very serious development proving that the opposition has more potential than previously expected
10/12/13 - The convoy was attacked once again today at around midday once again in the dangerous Muxungue area. Military vehicles providing protection were hit
09/12/13 - An LTM bus travelling between Beira and Maputo was attacked today with three seriously wounded. THe bus was riddled with bullets whilst travelling between the dangerous Save River/Muxungue section
05/12/13 - Once again the military convoy was attacked this morning and suspended for the evening due to the dangers with attacks continuing at trenches that have been made in the highway
04/12/13 - Three days of relative quiet despite a win for the opposition party in the municipal election in "the capital of the north" Nampula. Today a Police Station, health post, and the house of the Administrator, were vandalised by armed men in Nhamatanda, near Beira
01/12/13 - A civilian was gravely injured in another attack on the military column this time near Ripembe River. The attack happened at another location where the highway the highway was interrupted by a trench.
30/12/13 - Three days of quiet in the dangerous Muxungue area is broken by another military column being attacked. No reports of civilian injuries but a civilian bus was riddled with bullets. The city of Beira back to relative normalcy.
27/11/13 - Riots in Beira, and a shooting near Muxungue highlighted that things are still not back to normal in Central Mozambique. Riots were provoked by disputed reports of forced army recruitment. The shooting near Muxungue was of a local teacher who was waiting for transport in the dangerous Rio Save - Muxungue strip.
26/11/13 - A bus travelling from Beira to Maputo was attacked in the military column near Muzungue. There were a few reported injured but no fatalities
21/11/13 - There was an attack on a commercial vehicle near the town of Maringue. Two youths, sons of the driver, were killed in the attack on this civilian vehicle.
20/11/13 - After five relatively quiet days there was an attack at the Pungue Bridge. Renamo attacked that FADM vehicle at this bridge while commercial vehicles were not attacked. (Thanks to Nick at Exec Logistics)
Election Day - In summary very calm and organised however a number of reported incidences of violence and fraud.
16/11/13 - A political rally in Beira turned ugly with a few fatalities, and many injured. The government insists that the special forces only shot upon the crowd when they attacked government cars, whilst the opposition (MDM) maintain that it was a peaceful rally that turned into a stampede when special forces started firing live ammunition and tear gas.
The large trench cut into the EN1 is still causing concern as it requires a small detour and armed men are still in that area
15/11/13 - In the first reported attack in four days military were attacked on the dangerous Rio Save to Muxungue section of the EN1. Two men were killled (1 of FADM and the other Renamo) and nine more injured when they had stopped at a huge trench cut into the highway. Transit is currently cut off. Another attack was registered in Nampula Provinve on the highway that links Nampula with Cuamba. The driver is in critical condition. Authorities afirm that the civilian truck was attacked with the objective of stealing its load (food supplies)
11/11/13 - Gorongosa National Park staff attacked in Park vehicle near Gorongosa, none wounded. FADM forces attacked near Maringue, 4 wounded, 1 fatality. Near Nampula men dressed in Renamo fatigues sacked a business a set fire to building and car.
10/11/13 - Fighting registered between FADM and opposition near town of Gorongosa. Numerous wounded military reported.
09/11/13 - Passenger Bus attacked near Muxungué despite protection from military column. Three passengers wounded by bullets.
07/11/13 - FADM attack house of Village Chief Mangune (Dhlakama's father) near Province of Manica
06/11/13 - At least 8 FADM military killed in fighting around Vunduzi. A Health Post was attacked by men in Renamo uniforms and all health supplies stolen
05/11/13 - Military column attacked again between Rio Save and Muzungue. One civilian killed, and three wounded, including one pregnant woman. More fighting between Renamo and FADM near Maringue - unconfirmed how many casualities. Fighting also reported near Vunduzi with reports of truckloads of casualities being transported to local hospital.
04/11/13 - Military column attacked again between Rio Save and Muxungue. One of the victims was a Jeep that escaped into the bush before rejoining the column. At least two civilians wounded. In the only attack reported so far in the Province of Zambézia. The Renamo position was being attacked by heavy artillery.
03/11/13 - Military column attacked again between Rio Save and Muxungue, no reports of injuries. Further north at River Pungue two vehicles were attacked. There were no reports of injuries but one of the vehicles was torched.
01/11/13 - Military column attacked again between Rio Save and Muzungue, wounded taken to hospital in Vilanculos. Anglo-Australian company recommends family members of workers temporarily return to their countries until situation stabilises.
* Information from this page is sourced from: STV and @Verdade